Mission-Shaped Church: A report commissioned by the Church of England that laid out the foundational principles of Fresh Expressions.
Unchurched: Persons who have never been to church and have no historical or social memory of the church.
Dechurched: Persons who did participate in church but no longer participate.
Nones: Persons who do not currently practice a religion.
Dones: Persons who have practiced a religion and no longer observe this practice.
Open unchurched: Persons who have never been to church but are open to church.
Closed unchurched: Persons who have never been to church and are closed to the idea of going to church.
Denomination: A branch of the Protestant Christian Church (e.g., United Methodist, Presbyterian).
Ecumenical: A desire for unity and representation among many different denominations.
Connectional Church: A church that is not independent but connected to other churches through a denomination or network of churches.
Discipleship: The process of teaching and mentoring someone in the faith to be a follower of Jesus Christ.
Membership: A promise made by a person to be a member of the church by committing to serve the church through their prayers, presence, gifts, service, and witness.
Investment in People: Rather than investing in buildings or property, investment in people occurs when an organization moves its focus to investing in staff, experiences, and immersion for the people connected to the organization.
Social Innovation: Creating new opportunities, new businesses, and new models to bring about positive social change, often leveraging society itself to bring about those changes.
Bi-vocational Ministry: A person who works in ministry part time and also works in another vocation; a part time salary from either vocation would vary by context and contract.
Attractional Church: A church that sees itself as the center toward which people and resources flow.
Missional Church: A church that sees itself as a gathering from which people and resources flow toward the world.
Inherited Church: The orderly process by which a generation passes the faith, wedded to participation in a particular congregation, to the next generation or two.
Nomad: Someone who travels from church to church without a clear “church home”.
Prodigal: Someone who has left the church.
Exile: Someone who feels that they have been left out by the church and thus been forced to leave.
Networks: The groupings of people who come together due to interest or hobby.
Social Capital: Gain to be made within social groups.
Third Places: The space in a person’s life where they spend the most time apart from work and home.
Social Holiness: The notion that one’s personal holiness is connected to the well-being of other persons, primarily friendships, networks, and communities.
Mixed Economy of Church: A church that includes the traditional and nontraditional worship styles, strategies, places, and language.
Traditioned Innovation: A pattern of thinking that includes conservation and change by holding tradition and innovation in tension.
Adaptive Challenge: A willingness to give “work back to the people”. Contextually building a spiritual practice with a group of people using their gifts, language, and learning preferences.
Mixed Ecology: An organic model of mixing traditional and modern, inherited and missional.
Oikos: Greek word for house.
Class Meeting: The Wesleyan introductory meeting of people gathered together to share life’s journey of work, home, and faith with each other.
Band Meeting: The Wesleyan meeting of people who provide accountability to one another regarding study, tithing, mission, participation, and worship.
Practitioner: A person who leads a Fresh Expression. Someone who has the spiritual gifts of apostleship and compassion. Also known as a “pioneer” in Fresh Expressions UK.
Missional Mentor: A person who will coach and encourage the practitioner.
Interpreter: A person who is called to interpret the work of Fresh Expressions for a congregation or institutional body. This person may or may not participate in the Fresh Expression but is able to help others understand the purpose and function of Fresh Expressions.
Steward: A person who will seek and attend to the financial resources that sustain Fresh Expressions of church.
Permission-Giver: A person of influence who is able to use their influence to give permission to a practitioner and/or a Fresh Expression.
Prayer Partner: A person who prays for the Fresh Expression and all involved. This person may or may not be part of the Fresh Expression and may or may not be part of a local church.
Collaborator: A person who is able to partner with the Fresh Expression through a variety of resources such as space, funds, or connecting points in the community. Collaborators are found externally and internally in a local church and institution.
Person of Peace: A person from the community who serves as a bridge between a Fresh Expression and the community.
Koinonia: The Greek word often translated as fellowship and community.